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ⓘ Blog | Cottage - recreation. A cottage is, typically, a small house. It may carry the connotation of being an old or old-fashioned building. In modern usage, a cott ..




                                               

Cottage (disambiguation)

Cottage cheese, a kind of cheese curd Craven Cottage, the football stadium of Fulham F.C. in London, England Cottages Van Gogh series, a subject of paintings by Vincent van Gogh Cottage, slang for a public toilet, used as gay slang from the 1960s, see Cottaging University Cottage Club, one of the ten eating clubs at Princeton University Cottage garden, profusely planted, random and carefree Holiday cottage, a cottage or other small house used as vacation accommodation Cottage industry, subcontractors working in their own facility, usually their home

                                               

Cooks' Cottage

Cooks Cottage, previously known as Captain Cooks Cottage, is located in the Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne, Australia. The cottage was constructed in 1755 in the English village of Great Ayton, North Yorkshire, by the parents of Captain James Cook, James and Grace Cook, and was brought to Melbourne in 1934 by Sir Russell Grimwade. It is a point of conjecture among historians whether James Cook, the famous navigator, ever lived in the house, but almost certainly he visited his parents at the house. The inside of the cottage includes centuries-old antiques and is stylised in the way of the 18th century, as are the clothes of the volunteer guides.

                                               

President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home

President Lincoln and Soldiers’ Home National Monument, sometimes shortened to President Lincolns Cottage, is a national monument on the grounds of the Soldiers Home, known today as the Armed Forces Retirement Home. It is located near Brookland. President Lincolns Cottage was formerly known as Anderson Cottage. President Abraham Lincoln and family resided seasonally on the grounds of the Soldiers Home to escape the heat and political pressure of downtown Washington, as did President James Buchanan 1857–1861 before him. President Lincolns Cottage also served as the Summer White House for Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes 1877–1881 and Chester A. Arthur 1881–1885.

                                               

Cottaging

Cottaging is a gay slang term, originating from the United Kingdom, referring to anonymous sex between men in a public lavatory, or cruising for sexual partners with the intention of having sex elsewhere. The term has its roots in self-contained English toilet blocks resembling small cottages in their appearance; in the English cant language of Polari this became a double entendre by gay men referring to sexual encounters. See also gay beat in Australian English. The word "cottage", usually meaning a small, cosy, countryside home, is documented as having been in use during the Victorian era to refer to a public toilet and by the 1960s its use in this sense had become an exclusively homosexual slang term. This usage is predominantly British, though the term is occasionally used with the same meaning in other parts of the world. Among gay men in the United States, lavatories used for this purpose are called tea rooms.

                                               

Cottage country

Cottage country is a common name in the Canadian province of Ontario, as well as other regions of the country, for areas that are popular locations for recreational properties such as cottages and summer homes. Cottage country is often socially, culturally, economically, and politically distinct from other rural areas in that it is populated by a notably higher concentration of urban vacationers and residents who have an affinity for the outdoors in contrast to more traditional rural populations that are largely absent of "city folk". Any major population centre may have its own popular "cottage country" area. The name is sometimes applied locally in vernacular use. For example, Toronto, Ontario residents might say "I am heading up to cottage country this weekend," which is locally understood to be referring to Muskoka, the Kawarthas, or the Haliburton area. On the other hand, a speaker from Ottawa would use the same phrase to denote the Rideau Lakes area or parts of the Outaouais. In Toronto, "cottage country traffic" refers traffic bound or returning from cottage country on Friday afternoons and back on Sunday afternoons. Cottage country traffic is usually extremely heavy on long weekends, such as Victoria Day in May, Canada Day on the July 1st weekend, the Civic Holiday in August, and Labour Day in September, particularly on Highway 400 and Highway 11. The Ontario media has often referred to these times of the year as a "highway blitz", which also refers to the related Ontario Provincial Police efforts to step up highway enforcement on these congested roads, that often yield record numbers of motor vehicle violations and fines. In Canadian English there is a regional distinction for the name of a summer recreation house. In some areas, "cottage" is used, while in other areas, terms such as "cabin," "camp," "country house", or "bungalow" is preferred. Since lakes are smaller and scarcer on the drier southern prairies, those few lakes that are large enough to support development can be intensely used. However, in the boreal forest region thousands of large lakes exist and many are undeveloped. In the mountain regions of Alberta and British Columbia, lakes are not the only attraction, and mountain views are often the most prized. In the Maritime provinces, the coastal beach serves as the location for rest and recreation.

Cottage
                                     

Cottage

A cottage is, typically, a small house. It may carry the connotation of being an old or old-fashioned building. In modern usage, a cottage is usually a modest, often cosy dwelling, typically in a rural or semi-rural location.

The word comes from the architecture of England, where it originally referred to a house with ground floor living space and an upper floor of one or more bedrooms fitting under the eaves. In British English the term now denotes a small dwelling of traditional build, although it can also be applied to modern construction designed to resemble traditional houses "mock cottages". Cottages may be detached houses, or terraced, such as those built to house workers in mining villages. The tied accommodation provided to farm workers was usually a cottage, see cottage garden. Peasant farmers were once known as cotters.

The holiday cottage exists in many cultures under different names. In American English, "cottage" is one term for such holiday homes, although they may also be called a "cabin", "chalet", or even "camp". In certain countries the term "cottage" has local synonyms: In Finnish mokki, in Estonian suvila, in Swedish stuga, in Norwegian hytte from the German word Hutte, in Czech chalupa, in Russian дача.

There are cottage-style dwellings in American cities that were built primarily for the purpose of housing slaves.

In places such as Canada, "cottage" carries no connotations of size compare with vicarage or hermitage.

                                     

1. History

Originally in the Middle Ages, cottages housed agricultural workers and their families. The term cottage denoted the dwelling of a cotter. Thus, cottages were smaller peasant units larger peasant units being called messuages. In that early period, a documentary reference to a cottage would most often mean, not a small stand-alone dwelling as today, but a complete farmhouse and yard albeit a small one.

Thus, in the Middle Ages, the word cottage MLat cotagium denoted not just a dwelling, but included at least a dwelling domus and a barn grangia, as well as, usually, a fenced yard or piece of land enclosed by a gate portum. The word is probably a blend of Old English cot, cote "hut" and Old French cot "hut, cottage", from Old Norse kot "hut" and related to Middle Low German kotten cottage, hut. Examples of this may be found in 15th century manor court rolls. The house of the cottage bore the Latin name: domus ", while the barn of the cottage was termed grangia ".

Later on, "cottage" might also have denoted a smallholding comprising houses, outbuildings, and supporting farmland or woods. A cottage, in this sense, would typically include just a few acres of tilled land. Examples of this type included the Welsh Tŷ unnos or "house in a night", built by squatters on a plot of land defined by the throw of an axe from each corner of the property. Much later, from around the 18th century onwards, the development of industry led to the development of weavers cottages and miners cottages. Friedrich Engels cites Cottages as a poor quality dwelling in his 1845 work The Condition of the Working Class in England

In England and Wales the legal definition of a cottage is a small house or habitation without land. However, originally under an Elizabethan statute, the cottage had to be built with at least 4 acres 0.02 km 2 ; 0.01 sq mi of land. Traditionally the owner of the cottage and small holding would be known as a cottager. In the Domesday Book they were referred to as Coterelli. In Welsh a cottage is known as bwthyn and its inhabitant preswlydd. In Scotland and parts of Northern England the equivalent to cottager would be the crofter and the term for the building and its land would be croft.

Over the years various Acts of Parliament removed the right of the cottager to hold land. According to John and Barbara Hammond in their book The Village Labourer, before the Enclosures Act the cottager was a farm labourer with land, and after the Enclosures Act the cottager was a farm labourer without land.

                                     

2. Modern usage in Britain and Ireland

In popular modern culture the term cottage is used in a more general and romantic context and can date from any era but the term is usually applied to pre-modern dwellings. Older, pre-Victorian cottages tend to have restricted height, and often have construction timber exposed, sometimes intruding into the living space. Modern renovations of such dwellings often seek to re-expose timber purlins, rafters, posts etc. which have been covered, in an attempt to establish perceived historical authenticity.

Older cottages are typically modest, often semi-detached or terraced, with only four basic rooms "two up, two down", although subsequent modifications can create more spacious accommodation. A labourers or fishermans one-roomed house, often attached to a larger property, is a particular type of cottage and is called a penty. The term cottage has also been used for a larger house that is practical rather than pretentious: see Chawton Cottage.

Irish cottages Irish: teachin were historically the homes of farm workers and labourers, but in recent years the term has assumed a romantic connotation especially when referring to cottages with thatched roofs Irish: teach ceann tui. These thatched cottages were once to be seen all over Ireland, but most have become dilapidated due to newer and modern developments. However, there has been a recent revival of restoring these old cottages, with people wanting a more traditional home. Today, thatched cottages are now mostly built for the tourist industry and many can be rented out as accommodation.

                                     

3.1. Outside Britain and Ireland North America

Although the Oxford English Dictionary states that the term cottage is used in North America to represent "a summer residence often on a large and sumptuous scale at a watering-place or a health or pleasure resort," most Americans expect a cottage, particularly a summer cottage, to be a relatively small, possibly unfinished house. Various editions of the quintessentially American Websters Dictionary define it as "a small house; any modest country or suburban dwelling," fifth edition with the eleventh edition describing even a vacation cottage as "a usu. small house for vacation use."

In North America, most buildings known as cottages are used for weekend or summer getaways by city dwellers. Cottage owners often rent their properties to tourists as a source of revenue. In Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands, most cottages are vacation rentals used for weekend or summer getaways. In Michigan, a cottage normally means a summer residence farther north near or on a lake. An example of a colonial era cottage in North America is a small fieldstone house called Boelson Cottage in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia - one of the oldest extant houses within the city c.1678–84.

In the jargon of English-speaking Quebecs real-estate industry, a cottage is any two-storey house, as opposed to a bungalow. However, "cottages" in Eastern Canada are generally located next to lakes, rivers, or the ocean in forested areas. They are used as a place to spend holidays with friends and family; common activities including swimming, canoeing, waterskiing, fishing, hiking, and sailing. There are also many well-known summer colonies. Cottage living is one of the most popular tourist draws in Ontario, Canada, parts of which have come to be known as cottage country. This term typically refers to the north and south shores of Georgian Bay, Ontario; Muskoka, Ontario; Haliburton, Ontario; and the Kawartha Lakes, Ontario; but has also been used to describe several other Canadian regions. The practice of renting cottages has become widespread in these regions, especially with rising property taxes for waterfront property.

What Eastern Canadians refer to as "cottages" seasonal-use dwellings, are generally referred to as "cabins" in most of North America. This is most notable in the Midwest and Western United States, and Western Canada. In much of Northern Ontario, New England, and upstate New York, a summer house near a body of water is known as a camp. In the 1960s and 1970s, the A-Frame house became a popular cottage style in North America.

In the 1920s and 30s many gas stations were built in the style of Old World cottages. Comprising about a third of the stations built in the United States in those years, cottage-patterned facilities evoked a picturesque homeyness and were easier to gain approval for than the more stylized or attention-grabbing designs also commonly used at the dawn of the automobile era.



                                     

3.2. Outside Britain and Ireland Nordic countries

Statistics Finland defines a cottage Finnish: mokki, Finland Swedish: stuga or villa as "a residential building that is used as a holiday or free-time dwelling and is permanently constructed or erected on its site". Finnish cottages are traditionally built of logs but other wood constructions have become common. They are usually situated close to water and almost all have a sauna.

There are 474.277 cottages in Finland 2005, a country with 187.888 lakes and 179.584 islands, including rental holiday cottages owned by hospitality companies but excluding holiday villages and buildings on garden allotments. Reports have 4.172 new cottages built in 2005. Most cottages are situated in the municipalities of Kuusamo 6.196 cottages on January 1, 2006, Kuopio 5.194, Ekenas Tammisaari – 5.053, Mikkeli 4.649, and Mantyharju 4.630.

The formal Swedish term for cottages is fritidshus vacation house or stuga, of which there are 680.000 in Sweden 2007. According to Statistics Sweden, about 50% of the Swedish population has access to a vacation house. In everyday talk, Swedes refer to their cottages as lantstallet the country house or stugan the cottage. Most vacation houses in Sweden are to be found along the coasts and around the major cities. Prices vary a lot depending on location; a modern seaside house near Stockholm may cost 100 times as much as a simple cottage in the inner regions of northern Sweden.

Until the end of World War II, only a small wealthy Swedish elite could afford vacation houses - often both a large seaside house and a hunting cabin up north. During the rapid urbanisation in the 1950s and 1960s, many families were able to retain their old farmhouses, village cottages and fisherman cabins and convert them into vacation houses. In addition, economic growth made it possible even for low income-families to buy small lots in the countryside where they could erect simple houses. Former vacation houses near the large cities have gradually been converted into permanent homes as a result of urban sprawl.

The traditional Swedish cottage is a simple panelled house made by wood and painted in red. They may contain 1–3 small bedrooms and also a small bathroom. In the combined kitchen and living room storstuga there is usually a fireplace. Today, many cottages have been extended with "outdoor rooms" semi-heated external rooms with glass walls and a thin roof and large wood terraces. As a result of the friggebod reform in 1979, many cottage owners have built additional guesthouses on their lots.

The formal Norwegian term for cottages is hytte or fritidsbolig vacation house. Otherwise it is much like the Swedish cottage.

                                     

3.3. Outside Britain and Ireland Hong Kong

Cottages are commonly found in the New Territories region of Hong Kong. City dwellers flock to these cottages during holidays and summer months to get away from the hustle and bustle of Hong Kong. Most are three storey brick structures with balconies on the upper floors. There is often an open roofed area for eating and entertaining. These dwellings have full rooms and kitchens.

                                     

3.4. Outside Britain and Ireland South Africa

Much like in the rest of the world cottages in South Africa housed agricultural workers and their friends and families. A number of cottages were also constructed for fishermen along the West and South Coasts of the country throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Most cottages are single story two to four roomed structures sometimes with an attic for storing supplies. Most cottages in the Western Cape area of South Africa have thatched roofs and stone or adobe walls which were traditionally whitewashed. A large number of the remaining cottages in the country are listed heritage sites.

                                     

4. Notable cottages

  • The Swiss Cottage
  • La Trobes Cottage
  • Bishop Asbury Cottage
  • Oakhurst Cottage
  • Dove Cottage
  • Bron-Yr-Aur Cottage Wales
  • Arthur Cottage
  • Thomas Hardys Cottage

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