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Ethnic studies

Ethnic studies, in the United States, is the interdisciplinary study of difference - chiefly race, ethnicity, and nation, but also sexuality, gender, and other such markings - and power, as expressed by the state, by civil society, and by individuals. As opposed to International studies, which was originally created to focus on the relations between the United States and Third World Countries, Ethnic studies was created to challenge the already existing curriculum and focus on the history of people of different minority ethnicity in the United States. Ethnic studies is an academic field that spans the humanities and the social sciences; it emerged as an academic field in the second half of the 20th century partly in response to charges that traditional social science and humanities disciplines such as anthropology, history, literature, sociology, political science, cultural studies, and area studies were conceived from an inherently Eurocentric perspective. Its origin comes before the civil rights era, as early as the 1900s. During this time, educator and historian W. E. B. Du Bois expressed the need for teaching black history. However, Ethnic Studies became widely known as a secondary issue that arose after the civil rights era. Ethnic studies was originally conceived to re-frame the way that specific disciplines had told the stories, histories, struggles and triumphs of people of color on what was seen to be their own terms. In recent years, it has broadened its focus to include questions of representation, racialization, racial formation theory, and more determinedly interdisciplinary topics and approaches.


Nomad studies

Nomad studies is branch of historical and anthropological studies specialised in cultures and history of nomad peoples, particularly the Eurasian nomads and history of the Eurasian steppes. Studies of the Eurasian nomads influence the political idea of Eurasianism. Among notable researchers in that field were Lev Gumilyov, Pyotr Savitskiy, Sergei Rudenko, George Vernadsky, Nikolai Trubetzkoy, Hara-Davan Erendzhen, Mikhail Artamonov, and others. According to Savitskiy, the history of Scythians and huns encompasses in general within historically foreseeable events over 12 centuries. Savitskiy claims that the nomad culture of Scythians and Huns should be considered as culture of horse and iron.


African studies

African studies is the study of Africa, especially the continents cultures and societies. The field includes the study of Africas history, demography, culture, politics, economy, languages, and religion. A specialist in African studies is often referred to as an "africanist". A key focus of the discipline is to interrogate epistemological approaches, theories and methods in traditional disciplines using a critical lens that inserts African-centred ways of knowing and references. Africanists argue that there is a need to "deexoticize" Africa and banalise it, rather than understand Africa as exceptionalized and exoticized. African scholars, in recent times, have focused on decolonizing African studies, and reconfiguring it to reflect the African experience through African lens.


Asian American studies

Asian American Studies is an academic discipline which critically examines the history, experiences, culture, and policies relevant to Asian Americans. It is closely related to other Ethnic Studies disciplines, such as African American Studies, Latino/a Studies, and Native American Studies.


Bury Me Standing: The Gypsies and Their Journey

Bury Me Standing: The Gypsies and Their Journey is a best-selling non-fiction book on the lives of the Romani people by the American-Uruguayan writer Isabel Fonseca published in 1995. The book is organized in eight chapters and contains black and white photographs and maps.


Celtic studies

Celtic studies or Celtology is the academic discipline occupied with the study of any sort of cultural output relating to the Celtic people. This ranges from linguistics, literature and art history, archaeology and history, the focus lying on the study of the various Celtic languages, living and extinct. The primary areas of focus are the six Celtic languages currently in use: Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton. As a university subject, it is taught at a number of universities, most of them in Ireland, the United Kingdom, or France, but also in the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Poland, Austria and the Netherlands.