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B. R. Barwale

Badrinarayan Ramulal Barwale is widely regarded as the father of the Indian seeds industry, who revolutionised farming practices by producing cheaper and higher-yield seeds in the Marathwada region of India. Barwale was born in 1931 in Hingoli, Nizam state now Maharashtra, India. He began farming on his familys land in the 1950s, experimenting with a high-yield okra hybrid given to him at the World Agricultural Fair in New Delhi. In 1964, he started the Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company, also known as Mahyco, where he cultivated the higher efficiency seeds and began selling them to area farmers at an affordable price. Mahyco expanded to a network of farmers producing new seed varieties of several different crops. By providing assistance and guaranteeing loans for farmers cultivating Mahycos seeds, Barwales team was able to gain valuable feedback on various crop strains and make subsequent improvements to their yield and quality. Barwale was awarded the 12th World Food Prize in 1998 for his work in providing affordable, high-yield seed varieties and agronomic training to farmers across India. The President of India awarded him with Padma Bhushan Award in 2001 for his distinguished service in the field of trade and economic activity. He died on 24 July 2017 in Mumbai at the age of 86.

                                               

Panjabrao Deshmukh

Panjabrao Shamrao Deshmukh, also known as Bhausaheb Deshmukh was a social activist and a leader to farmers in India. He was the Minister of Agriculture in the first cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1952.

                                               

Sharad Anantrao Joshi

Sharad Anantrao Joshi was an Indian politician who founded the Swatantra Bharat Paksh party and Shetkari Sanghatana, He was also a Member of the Parliament of India representing Maharashtra in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament during the period 5 July 2004 till 4 July 2010. On 9 January 2010 he was the sole MP in Rajya Sabha to vote against the bill providing 33% reservation for women in Indian parliament and assemblies. Sharad Anantrao Joshi was a member of Advisory Board of the World Agricultural Forum WAF, the foremost global agricultural platform that initiates dialogue between those who can impact agriculture. He is also founder of Shetkari Sanghatana, an organisation for farmers. Shetakari Sanghatana is a non-political union of Farmers formed with the aim to "Freedom of access to markets and to Technology".

                                               

Peasants and Workers Party of India

The Peasants and Workers Party of India, translation: Bharat ki Kisaan Mazdoor Party ; abbr. PWPI);is a Marxist political party in Maharashtra, India. The party was founded on 13.06.1948, having its roots from the pre-Independence period and has around 1.00.000 members. The influence of the party is largely limited to three districts. The party was founded in Maharashtra by Keshavrao Jedhe of Pune, Shankarrao More, Bhausaheb Raut of Mumbai, Nana Patil of Satara, Tulshidas Jadhav of Solapur, Dajiba Desai of Belgaum, Madhavrao Bagal of Kolhapur, P K Bhapkar and Datta Deshmukh of Ahmednagar, Vithalrao Hande and others. Member of legislative council of Maharashtra, Mr. Jayant Prabhakar Patil, is general secretary of the party. The party has 3 MLAs and 2 MLCs. The party has a strong hold on Raigad District as well as party has Zilla Parishad members in 6 districts of Maharashtra, namely, Raigad, Solapur, Nashik, Nagpur, Nanded, and Parabhani) The student organization of the party is called Purogami Yuvak Sanghatna. The trade union of the party is called All India Workers Trade Union, All India Insurance Workers Union and its Trade Union Federation is Progressive Workers and Peasants of India. Comrade Janardan Singh is General Secretary of these trade unions and trade union federation. The party has played a very important role in Samyukta Maharashtra Movement under the leadership of Bhausaheb Raut, Uddhavrao Patil, Dajiba Desai. Most important meetings of this movement and coordination took place at the Mumbai -Koliwadi, Girgaum bungalow of Shri Bhausaheb Raut In the 2014 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election at age 88, Ganpatrao Deshmukh of the party won the Sangole constituency for record 11th time with 94.374 votes, defeating Shahajibapu Patil of Shiv Sena by 25.224 votes, while the NCP did not field a candidate against him.

                                               

Chhotu Ram

Sir Chhotu Ram, was a prominent politician in British Indias Punjab Province, an ideologue of the pre-Independent India, who belonged to the Jat community and championed the interest of oppressed communities of the Indian subcontinent. For this feat, he was knighted in 1937. On the political front, he was a co-founder of the National Unionist Party which ruled the United Panjab Province in pre-independent India and kept Congress and Muslim League at bay.

                                               

N. G. Ranga

Gogineni Ranga Nayukulu, also known as N. G. Ranga, was an Indian freedom fighter, classical liberal, parliamentarian and farmer leader. He is founding president of Swatantra Party. He was an exponent of the peasant philosophy, and considered the father of the Indian Peasant Movement.

                                               

Sahajanand Saraswati

Sahajanand Saraswati pronunciation was an ascetic, a nationalist and a peasant leader of India. Although born in North-Western Provinces present-day Uttar Pradesh, his social and political activities focussed mostly on Bihar in the initial days, and gradually spread to the rest of India with the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha. He had set up an ashram at Bihta, near Bihar carried out most of his work in the later part of his life from there. He was an intellectual, prolific writer, social reformer and revolutionary.

                                               

Charan Singh

Chaudhary Charan Singh served as the 5th Prime Minister of India between 28 July 1979 and 14 January 1980. Historians and people alike frequently refer to him as the champion of Indias peasants. Charan Singh was born on 23 December 1902 in a rural peasant Jat family of village Noorpur, District Hapur Erstwhile District Meerut, Uttar Pradesh Erstwhile United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. Charan Singh entered politics as part of the Independence Movement motivated by Mohandas Gandhi. He was active from 1931 in the Ghaziabad District Arya Samaj as well as the Meerut District Indian National Congress for which he was jailed twice by the British. Before independence, as a member of Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces elected in 1937, he took a deep interest in the laws that were detrimental to the village economy and he slowly built his ideological and practical stand against the exploitation of tillers of the land by landlords. Between 1952 and 1967, he was one of "three principal leaders in Congress state politics." He became particularly notable in Uttar Pradesh from the 1950s for drafting and ensuring the passage of what were then the most revolutionary land reform laws in any state in India under the tutelage of the then Chief Minister Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant; first as Parliamentary Secretary and then as Revenue Minister responsible for Land Reforms. He became visible on the national stage from 1959 when he publicly opposed the unquestioned leader and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehrus socialistic and collectivist land policies in the Nagpur Congress Session. Though his position in the faction-ridden UP Congress was weakened, this was a point when the middle peasant communities across castes in North India began looking up to him as their spokesperson and later as their unquestioned leader. Singh stood for tight government spending, enforced consequences for corrupt officers, and advocated a "firm hand in dealing with the demands of government employees for increased wages and dearness allowances." It is also worth noting that within the factional UP Congress, his ability to articulate his clear policies and values made him stand out from his colleagues. Following this period, Charan Singh defected from the Congress on 1 April 1967, joined the opposition party, and became the first non-Congress chief minister of UP. This was a period when non-Congress governments were a strong force in India from 1967–1971. As leader of the Bharatiya Lok Dal, a major constituent of the Janata coalition, he was disappointed in his ambition to become Prime Minister in 1977 by Jayaprakash Narayans choice of Morarji Desai. During 1977 Lok Sabha Elections, the fragmented opposition united a few months before the elections under the Janata Party banner, for which Chaudhary Charan Singh had been struggling almost single-handedly since 1974. It was because of the efforts of Raj Narain that he became Prime Minister in the year 1979 though Raj Narain was Chairman of Janata Party-Secular and assured Charan Singh of elevating him as Prime Minister, the way he helped him to become Chief Minister in the year 1967 in Uttar Pradesh. However, he resigned after just 24 weeks in office when Indira Gandhis Congress Party withdrew support to the government. Charan Singh said he resigned because he was not ready to be blackmailed into withdrawing Indira Gandhis emergency-related court cases. Fresh elections were held six months later. Charan Singh continued to lead the Lok Dal in opposition till his death in 1987.

                                               

Mahendra Singh Tikait

Mahendra Singh Tikait was a well known farmer leader in the western area of Uttar Pradesh state, India. He was born in 1935 at village Sisauli in Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh. He was President of the Bharatiya Kisan Union, a farmers movement, and was revered as the farmers "second messiah" after the Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh. Tikait died in Muzaffarnagar on 15 May 2011 from bone cancer at the age of 75.

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