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Bird Day

International Migratory Bird Day is a conservation initiative that brings awareness on conserving migratory birds and their habitats throughout the Western Hemisphere. This program is dedicated to international conservation efforts and environmental education in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. Originated by the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, it is now coordinated by Environment for the Americas. International Migratory Bird Day IMBD officially takes place on the second Saturday in May in the U.S. and Canada and on the second Saturday of October in Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean each year. Recognizing that this date does not work well for all places for the migratory birds themselves- sites host these programs at their convenience throughout the year. This program engages the general public to care about maintaining healthy bird populations and protecting breeding, non-breeding, and stop over habitats used by migratory birds. International Migratory Bird Day programs often are informal science education or informal science learning activities such as bird walks, art competitions, nature based festivals, and presentations. These programs take place in a variety of settings such as zoos, aquariums, protected lands, biospheres, museums, and schools. Every year International Migratory Bird Day has a new conservation theme with corresponding artwork, educational materials, and activities. 2013: Life Cycle of Migratory Birds, Artist Barry Kent MacKay 2010: Power of Partnerships, Artist Bob Petty 2003: Catalysts for Conservation, Artist Gerald Sneed 2000: Focus on the Falcon, Artist Roger Tory Peterson 2016: Spread Your Wings for Bird Conservation, Artist Lionel Worrell 2001: Taste of the Tropics, Artist Terry Issac 2006: The Boreal Forest, Artist Radeaux 2015: Restore Habitat, Restore Birds, Artist Amelia Hansen 2002: Exploring Habitats, Artist Charley Harper 2009: Celebrate Birds In Culture, Artist Andy Everson 2005: Collisions, Artist David Sibley 2007: Birds in a Changing Climate, Artist Louise Zemaitis 2008: Tundra to Tropics, Artist Eleazar Saenz 2019: Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution, Artist Arnaldo Toledo 2017: Stopover Sites, Artist Rocio Landivar 2011: Go Wild Go Birding, Artist John Muir Laws 2012: Connecting People to Bird Conservation, Artist Rafael Lopez 2014: Why Birds Matter, Artist Elias St. Louis 2018: Year of the Bird, Artist Paula Andrea Romero 2004: Conserving Colonial Birds, Artist Ram Papish Major Partners: U.S. Forest Service, Partners in Flight, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, Nature Canada, Birds & Beans, Pepco Holdings, Get To Know, US Geological Society, Ornilux, Birdzilla, Optics for the Tropics, and Society for the Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds.

                                               

Car-Free Days

World Car Free Day, which is celebrated on September 22, encourages motorists to give up their cars for a day. Organized events are held in some cities and countries. The events, which vary by location, give motorists and commuters an idea of their locality with fewer cars. While projects along these lines had taken place from time to time on an ad hoc basis starting with the 1973 oil crisis, it was only in October 1994 that a structured call for such projects was issued in a keynote speech by Eric Britton at the International Ciudades Accessibles Accessible Cities Conference held in Toledo Spain. Within two years the first Days were organized in Reykjavik Iceland, Bath United Kingdom and La Rochelle France, and the informal World Car Free Days Consortium was organized in 1995 to support Car-Free Days worldwide. The first national campaign was inaugurated in Britain by the Environmental Transport Association in 1997, the French followed suit in 1998 as In town, without my car! and was established as a Europe-wide initiative by the European Commission in 2000. In the same year the Commission enlarged the program to a full European Mobility Week which now is the major focus of the Commission, with the Car-Free Day part of a greater new mobility whole. Also in 2000, car free days went global with a World Carfree Day program launched by Carbusters, now World Carfree Network, and in the same year the Earth Car Free Day collaborative program of the Earth Day Network and the World Car Free Days collaborative. Currently Bogota holds the worlds largest car-free weekday event covering the entire city. The first car-free day was held in February 2000 and became institutionalised through a public referendum. According to The Washington Post, the event "promotes improvement of mass transit, cycling and walking, and the development of communities where jobs are closer to home and where shopping is within walking distance". Studies showed that for short trips in cities, one can reach more quickly using a bicycle rather than using a car. While considerable momentum has been achieved in terms of media coverage, these events turn out to be difficult to organize to achieve real success perhaps requiring significant reorganization of the host citys transportation arrangement and even a decade later there is considerable uncertainty about the usefulness of this approach. Broad public support and commitment to change is needed for successful implementation. By some counts by advocates disputed, more than a thousand cities worldwide organized" Days” during 2005. In September 2007, Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, held its first Car-Free Day that closed the main avenue of the city from cars and invited local pedestrian to exercise and having their activities on the streets that normally full of cars and traffic. Along the road from the Senayan traffic circle on Jalan Sudirman, South Jakarta, to the Selamat Datang Monument at the Hotel Indonesia traffic circle on Jalan Thamrin, all the way north to National Monument Central Jakarta, cars are cleared out for pedestrians. Since May 2012 Car-Free Day in Jakarta is held every Sunday. It is held on the main avenues of the city, Jalan Sudirman and Jalan Thamrin, from Senayan area to Monas Monumen Nasional, from 6 AM to 11 AM. While not an officially organized Car-Free Day, every year traffic in Israel stops except for emergency vehicles for more than 24 hours in observance of Yom Kippur. This encompasses all motorized vehicles, including cars and public transportation. Cycling enthusiasts of the Hiloni stream and other religions take advantage of this, and roads except in religious neighborhoods become de facto esplanade and cycleways. Air pollution in Israel that day, measured by nitrogen oxides, drop by 99 percent.

                                               

Clean Up Australia

Clean Up Australia Limited is a not-for-profit Australian environmental conservation organisation founded by Australians Ian Kiernan and Kim McKay in 1989. It was significantly preceded by the State of South Australia Keep South Australia Beautiful organisation founded over twenty years earlier in 1966 as a litter reduction campaign. The founders of KESAB were the Adelaide Junior Chamber of Commerce, Advertiser Newspapers, Australian Glass Manufacturers, Royal Automobile Association of South Australia, South Australian Brewing Company and General Motors Holden. This was followed by the Keep Australia Beautiful National Association Ltd in 1975 of which KESAB is a member. Clean Up Australia Limited similarly works to foster relationships between the community, business and government to address the environmental issues of waste, water and climate change. Since its inception, Clean Up Australia has grown to include other projects and campaigns including Business Clean Up Day, Schools Clean Up Day, Clean Up the Alps, Clean Up the Kimberley and Clean Up the World. The organisation is behind Clean Up Australia Day, as well as other environmental projects and campaigns. Clean Up Australia Day is held on the first Sunday of March every year and encourages people to clean up their local areas. Any person can register a place they plan to clean up on the Clean Up Australia website and others can join them there. Activities on the day include removing large items such as car bodies from water ways and the collection of general waste lying around.

                                               

Coral Triangle Day

The Coral Triangle Day was established on June 9, to celebrate and raise awareness of the ocean conservation and protection, especially on the Coral Triangle, the worlds epicenter of marine biodiversity. Intended as an open-sourced event, the day is celebrated by individuals, organizations, and establishment concerned on the Coral Triangle. The Coral Triangle day was observed the first time on June 9, 2012, in conjunction with the World Oceans Day on June 8.

                                               

European Mobility Week

European Mobility Week is an annual initiative of the European Commission for Sustainable Urban Mobility since 2002. It calls on European cities and towns to devote one week to sustainable mobility. It starts on September 16 and ends with a Car-Free Day on September 22. Every year, EMW has a specific motto, such as clean air, multimodality or sharing economy. EMW includes traffic-related events, happenings such as cycling critical masses, temporary closures of streets for cars – opening them for pedestrians and cyclists. It has 44 Participating countries in 2019, with total 1820 cities.

                                               

Green Up Day

The first official Green Up Day was held on April 18, 1970 after having been formalized by Governor Deane C. Davis. In 1979, Green Up Vermont became a non-profit organization. A small portion of the funding for the event comes from a state appropriation, with Green Up Vermont making up the remainder through individual donations and corporate sponsors. Vermont is the only state without an Adopt-A-Highway program and instead continues the grassroots tradition of Green Up Day, in which people of all ages can take part. The State of Vermont cleans up the State Highways, and Green Up Day volunteers clean up all the town roads.

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