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Hunting is the practice of seeking, pursuing and capturing or killing wild animals. Hunting wildlife or feral animals is most commonly done by humans for food, recreation, to remove predators that can be dangerous to humans or domestic animals, to remove pests that destroy crops or kill livestock, for trade. Many non-human species also hunt - see predation. Regulations distinguish lawful hunting from poaching, which involves the illegal killing, trapping or capture of the hunted species. The species that are hunted are referred to as game or prey and are usually mammals and birds. Economists classify hunting as part of primary production - alongside forestry, agriculture and fishing. Hunting by humans arose in Homo erectus or earlier, in the order of millions of years ago. Hunting has become deeply embedded in human culture. Hunting an animal for its meat can also be seen as a more natural way to obtain animal protein since regulated hunting does not cause the same environmental issues as raising domestic animals for meat, especially on factory farms. Hunting can be a means of pest control. Hunting advocates state that hunting can be a necessary component of modern wildlife management, for example, to help maintain a population of healthy animals within an environments ecological carrying capacity when natural checks such as predators are absent or very rare. However, excessive hunting has also heavily contributed to the endangerment, extirpation and extinction of many animals. The pursuit, capture and release, or capture for food of fish is called fishing, which is not commonly categorised as a form of hunting. It is also not considered hunting to pursue animals without intent to kill them, as in wildlife photography, birdwatching, or scientific-research activities which involve tranquilizing or tagging of animals or birds. The practice of foraging or gathering materials from plants and mushrooms is also considered separate from hunting. Skillful tracking and acquisition of an elusive target has caused the word hunt to be used in the vernacular as a metaphor, as in treasure hunting, "bargain hunting", and even "hunting down" corruption and waste. Some animal rights activists regard hunting as cruel, unnecessary, and unethical.



An alanorarius, in ancient European customs, was a keeper or manager of spaniels, or setting-dogs, for the sport of hunting, falconry, etc. The word is formed from the Gothic Alan, a greyhound. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chambers, Ephraim, ed. 1728. article name needed ". Cyclopædia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences first ed. James and John Knapton, et al.



Animal trapping, or simply trapping, is the use of a device to remotely catch an animal. Animals may be trapped for a variety of purposes, including food, the fur trade, hunting, pest control, and wildlife management.


Bag (fishing and hunting)

A bag, in the context of fishing and hunting, is a quantity of fish caught or game killed, normally given as number of animals. Laws can restrict the number of animals killed through bag limits. The term is also often used as in compound words, e.g. hunting bag scheme or bag statistics.


Bag limits

A bag limit is a law imposed on hunters and fishermen restricting the number of animals within a specific species or group of species they may kill and keep. Size limits and hunting seasons sometimes accompany bag limits which place restrictions on the size of those animals and the time of year during which hunters may legally kill them. Those who violate these laws or other hunting laws are known as poachers. In most cases, bag limits serve to keep a healthy population for the carrying capacity of the species environment. This is done by utilizing hunters and fishermen, to harvest only a selected number of the mature game species. These bag limits are utilized by a multitude of Countries and Fish and Game enforcement agencies. Although like all law and regulation enforcement agencies, poorer regions of the world have limited ability to enforce these regulations.


Bambi effect

The Bambi effect is a term used anecdotally or in editorial media that refers to objections against the killing of charismatic megafauna, while there may be little or no objection to the suffering of organisms that are perceived as somehow repulsive or less than desirable, such as pigs or other woodland creatures. Referring to a form of purported anthropomorphism, the term is inspired by Walt Disneys animated film Bambi, where an emotional high point is the death of the lead characters mother at the hands of the films antagonist, a hunter known only as "Man".

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