Blog page 460




                                               

Worker's compensation (Germany)

German Statutory Accident Insurance or workers compensation is among the oldest branches of German social insurance. Occupational accident insurance was established in Germany by statute in 1884. It is now a national, compulsory program that insu ...

                                               

Ghent system

The Ghent system is the name given to an arrangement in some countries whereby the main responsibility for welfare payments, especially unemployment benefits, is held by trade/labor unions, rather than a government agency. The system is named aft ...

                                               

Hartz concept

The Hartz concept, also known as Hartz reforms or the Hartz plan, is a set of recommendations submitted by a committee on reforms to the German labour market in 2002. Named after the head of the committee, Peter Hartz, these recommendations went ...

                                               

Homeland card

The Homeland card is a Venezuelan identity document that includes a unique personalized QR code. It was created in 2016 by the Venezuelan government with the objective of knowing the socioeconomic status of the population and streamlining the sys ...

                                               

Homeshare

Homeshare is the exchange of housing for help in the home. A householder, typically an older person with a spare room, offers free or low-cost accommodation to another person in exchange for an agreed level of support. The support may include com ...

                                               

Housing cooperative

A housing cooperative, housing co-op, or housing company, is a legal entity, usually a cooperative or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure. Housing cooperatives a ...

                                               

Incapacity Benefit

Incapacity Benefit was a British social security benefit that was paid to people facing extra barriers to work because of their long-term illness or their disability. It replaced Invalidity Benefit in 1995. The government began to phase out Incap ...

                                               

Intergenerational struggle

The intergenerational struggle is the economic conflict between successive generations of workers because of the public pension system where the first generation has better pension benefit and the last must pay more taxes, have a greater tax wedg ...

                                               

Labour code

A labour code, is a codification of labour laws in legislative form. One of the first labour codes was first introduced in 1918 in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, as a legal framework underlying the requirement to ensure the rig ...

                                               

Labour law

Labour law mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union. Individual labour law concerns employees ...

                                               

Local Committees for Supply and Production

The Local Committees for Supply and Production are food distribution committees promoted by the Venezuelan government in which the communities themselves supply and distribute the priority foods through a house-to-house delivery method. It was es ...

                                               

Make-work job

A make-work job is a job that has less immediate financial benefit to the economy than the job costs to support. Make-work jobs are similar to workfare, but are publicly offered on the job market and have otherwise normal employment requirements.

                                               

MarketMoni

MarketMoni is an enterprise and empowerment programme of the Federal Republic of Nigeria that provides financial aid to micro-businesses that otherwise lack access to mainstream financial services and products in Nigeria. MarketMoni is part of th ...

                                               

Means test

A means test is a determination of whether an individual or family is eligible for government assistance or welfare, based upon whether the individual or family possesses the means to do without that help.

                                               

Medicare (United States)

Medicare is a national health insurance program in the United States, begun in 1966 under the Social Security Administration and now administered by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. It primarily provides health insurance for Americ ...

                                               

Mutual exchange

The term mutual exchange describes the ability of two tenants in the public housing sector to move house by swapping their homes. Mutual exchange is possible in some countries, such as the UK and Sweden. Other terms used for this are "home swap" ...

                                               

National health insurance

National health insurance, sometimes called statutory health insurance, is a system of health insurance that insures a national population against the costs of health care. It may be administered by the public sector, the private sector, or a com ...

                                               

Northeast Kingdom Community Action

Northeast Kingdom Community Action is a 501 non-profit community agency, founded in 1964 to address the needs of disadvantaged residents in Vermonts Northeast Kingdom and primarily funded by government grants.

                                               

Old Age Security

The Old Age Security program is a universal retirement pension available to most residents and citizens of Canada who have reached their 65th birthday. This pension is supplemented for seniors with lower incomes by the Guaranteed Income Supplemen ...

                                               

Parental leave

Parental leave, or family leave, is an employee benefit available in almost all countries. The term "parental leave" may include maternity, paternity, and adoption leave; or may be used distinctively from "maternity leave" and "paternity leave" t ...

                                               

Personal Independence Payment

Personal Independence Payment is a welfare benefit in the United Kingdom that is intended to help adults with the extra costs of living with a long-term health condition or a disability. It is non-means-tested, non-contributory and tax-free; it i ...

                                               

Public bank

A public bank is a bank, a financial institution, in which a state, municipality, or public actors are the owners. It is an enterprise under government control. Prominent among current public banking models are the Bank of North Dakota, the Germa ...

                                               

Public hospital

A public hospital, or government hospital, is a hospital which is owned by a government and receives government funding. In some countries, this type of hospital provides medical care free of charge to patients, covering expenses and wages by gov ...

                                               

Regulator of Social Housing

The Regulator of Social Housing regulates registered providers of social housing. This function was transferred from the Homes and Communities Agency in October 2018. Until April 2012 it was performed by the Tenant Services Authority. It is spons ...

                                               

School meal

A school meal or school lunch is a meal provided to students and sometimes teachers at a school, typically in the middle or beginning of the school day. Countries around the world offer various kinds of school meal programs. Each week day, millio ...

                                               

Scottish Housing Regulator

The Scottish Housing Regulator is an independent Non-Ministerial Department, directly accountable to the Scottish Parliament. The body was established on 1 April 2011 under the Housing Act 2010. SHR is the successor to the previous Scottish Housi ...

                                               

Service voucher

A service voucher is a financial instrument which allows a public authority to target social services at those it deems in need, and at the same time to promote employment and labour market integration. It effectively boosts demand for certain se ...

                                               

She-She-She Camps

The She-She-She Camps were camps for unemployed women that were organized by Eleanor Roosevelt in the United States as a counterpart to the Civilian Conservation Corps programs designed for unemployed men. ER found that the men-only focus of the ...

                                               

Short time

Short-time working or short time is a situation or system in which civilian employees agree to or are forced to accept a reduction in working time and pay. The term can refer to short-term, recession-related programs operating in several European ...

                                               

Hilda Worthington Smith

Hilda Worthington Smith was an American labor educator, social worker, and poet. She is best known for her roles as first Director of the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers in Industry and as a co-founder of the Affiliated Schools for Work ...

                                               

Social insurance

Social insurance is a concept where the government intervenes in the insurance market to ensure that a group of individuals are insured or protected against the risk of any emergencies that lead to financial problems. This is done through a proce ...

                                               

Social protection

Social protection, as defined by the United Nations Research Institute For Social Development, is concerned with preventing, managing, and overcoming situations that adversely affect peoples well being. Social protection consists of policies and ...

                                               

Social safety net

The social safety net is a collection of services provided by the state or other institutions such as friendly societies. It includes welfare, unemployment benefit, universal healthcare, right to healthcare, free education, right to housing, lega ...

                                               

Social security

Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income". In the United States, this is usually called welfare or a social safety net, especially when talking about Canada and European ...

                                               

State feminism

State feminism is feminism created or approved by the government of a state or nation. It usually specifies a particular program. The government may at the same time prohibit non-governmental organizations from advocating for any other feminist p ...

                                               

State Supplementation Program

The State Supplement Program, not to be confused with SNAP, is the state supplement to the U.S. federal Supplemental Security Income program and provides state funded supplement benefits to SSI recipients.

                                               

Subsidized housing

Subsidized housing is government sponsored economic assistance aimed towards alleviating housing costs and expenses for impoverished people with low to moderate incomes. Forms of subsidies include direct housing subsidies, non-profit housing, pub ...

                                               

Supplemental Security Income

Supplemental Security Income is a United States means-tested federal welfare program that provides cash assistance to individuals residing in the United States who are either aged 65 or older, blind, or disabled. SSI was created by the Social Sec ...

                                               

Sweden: The Middle Way

Sweden: The Middle Way is a book by Marquis Childs, an American journalist, chronicling his research on the reform policies of the Swedish Social Democratic Party based on his visits to the country as a reporter. First published in 1936, the book ...

                                               

Trade Adjustment Assistance

Trade Adjustment Assistance is a federal program of the United States government to act as a way to reduce the damaging impact of imports felt by certain sectors of the U.S. economy. The current structure features four components of Trade Adjustm ...

                                               

Troubled Families

The Troubled Families programme is a UK Government scheme under the Department for Communities and Local Government with the stated aim of helping troubled families turn their lives around.

                                               

Unconditional cash transfer

Unconditional cash transfer programs aim to reduce poverty by providing welfare programs without any conditions upon the receivers actions. This differentiates them from conditional cash transfers where the government only transfers the money to ...

                                               

Unemployment benefits

Unemployment benefits are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed people. In the United States, benefits are funded by a compulsory governmental insurance system, not taxes on individual citizens. Depending on the jurisdiction and the st ...

                                               

Unemployment extension

Unemployment extension occurs when regular unemployment benefits are exhausted and extended for additional weeks. Unemployment extensions are created by passing new legislation at the federal level, often referred to as an "unemployment extension ...

                                               

Unemployment insurance in Japan

Unemployment insurance, also known as 失業保険 is the "user pays" system of unemployment benefits that operate in Japan. It is paired with Workers Accident Compensation Insurance and referred to collectively as Labor insurance. It is managed by H ...

                                               

Vermont Energy Investment Corporation

Vermont Energy Investment Corporation or VEIC is a non-profit organization in Chittenden County, Vermont that seeks to reduce the economic and environmental costs of energy consumption through energy efficiency and renewable energy adoption. Sinc ...

                                               

Veterans' benefits

The US Department of Veterans Affairs provides a wide variety of benefits, e.g., educational assistance, healthcare, assisted living, home loans, insurance, and burial and memorial services, for retired or separated United States armed forces per ...

                                               

Welfare rights

Welfare rights means the rights of people to be aware of and receive their maximum entitlement to state welfare benefits, and to be treated reasonably well by the welfare system. It has been established in the United Kingdom since 1969 and has al ...

                                               

Welfare's effect on poverty

Two studies compare countries internationally before and after implementing social welfare programs. Using data from the Luxembourg Income Study, Bradley et al. and Lane Kenworthy measure the poverty rates both in relative terms poverty defined b ...

                                               

Workers' compensation

Workers compensation and often abbreviated as Workers Comp, is a form of insurance providing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment in exchange for mandatory relinquishment of the employees right to ...