Blog page 375




                                               

Culture during the Cold War

The Cold War was reflected in culture through music, movies, books, television and other media, as well as sports and social beliefs and behavior. One major element of the Cold War was the threat of a nuclear war; another was espionage. Many work ...

                                               

Elegant decay

Elegant decay cultural agreement, which in some places, and structures, become gradually more elegant, notable or beautiful as they decay, or break down, because of their historical, architectural or cultural significance. Although such reverence ...

                                               

Eranos

For the town in Armenia, see Yeranos. Eranos is an intellectual discussion group dedicated to humanistic and religious studies, as well as to the natural sciences which has met annually in Moscia, the Collegio Papio and on the Monte Verità in Asc ...

                                               

Europe and the People Without History

Europe and the People Without History is a book by anthropologist Eric Wolf. First published in 1982, it focuses on the expansion of European societies in the modern era. "Europe and the people without history" is history written on a global scal ...

                                               

Hungarian Turanism

Hungarian Turanism is a diverse phenomenon that revolves around an identification or association of Hungarian history and people with the histories and peoples of Central Asia, Inner Asia or the Ural region. It includes many different conceptions ...

                                               

Hyperdiffusionism in archaeology

Hyperdiffusionism refers to hypotheses suggesting that certain historical technologies or ideas originated with a single people or civilization before their adoption by other cultures. Thus, all great civilizations that share similar cultural pra ...

                                               

Insect collecting

Insect collecting refers to the collection of insects and other arthropods for scientific study or as a hobby. Because most insects are small and the majority cannot be identified without the examination of minute morphological characters, entomo ...

                                               

List of adoption dates of the Gregorian calendar per country

This is a list of adoption dates of the Gregorian calendar per country. For explanation, see the article about the Gregorian calendar. If not stated otherwise, it concerns the transition from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar by the civil auth ...

                                               

List of cultural icons of England

This list of cultural icons of England is a list of people and things from any period which are independently considered to be cultural icons characteristic of England.

                                               

List of cultural icons of Japan

This is a list of cultural icons of Japan. It contains the most important symbols of Japan, including its national symbols and symbols associated with various aspects of the culture of Japan.

                                               

List of cultural icons of Russia

This is a list of cultural icons of Russia. It contains the most important symbols of Russia, including its national symbols and symbols associated with various aspects of the Russian culture.

                                               

Local history

Local history is the study of history in a geographically local context and it often concentrates on the local community. It incorporates cultural and social aspects of history. Local history is not merely national history writ small but a study ...

                                               

Maashaus

Maashaus is a spacious room taking the whole front part of a ground floor of a multi-storied Gothic or Renaissance town house. This room was used mainly for serving beer, or other kinds of trade and craft. It was not heated. It also worked to lin ...

                                               

Menagerie

A menagerie is a collection of captive animals, frequently exotic, kept for display; or the place where such a collection is kept, a precursor to the modern zoological garden. The term was first used in 17th-century France, in reference to the ma ...

                                               

History of mentalities

The history of mentalities or histoire des mentalites is the body of historical works aimed at describing and analyzing the ways in which people of a given time period thought about, interacted with, and classified the world around them, as oppos ...

                                               

New Mormon history

New Mormon history refers to a style of reporting the history of Mormonism by both Mormon and non-Mormon scholars which departs from earlier more polemical or faith-based styles of history. Rather than presenting material selectively to either pr ...

                                               

New World

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earths Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas, and Oceania. The term originated in the early 16th century after Europeans made landfall in what would later be called the Americas i ...

                                               

Old World

The term Old World is used commonly in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe, regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the "New World".

                                               

Plant collecting

Plant collecting is the acquisition of plant specimens for the purposes of research, cultivation, or as a hobby. Plant specimens may be kept alive, but are more commonly dried and pressed to preserve the quality of the specimen. Plant collecting ...

                                               

Psychobiography

Psychobiography aims to understand historically significant individuals, such as artists or political leaders, through the application of psychological theory and research. Through its merging of personality psychology and historical evidence, ps ...

                                               

Psychohistory

Psychohistory is an amalgam of psychology, history, and related social sciences and the humanities. It examines the "why" of history, especially the difference between stated intention and actual behavior. Psychobiography, childhood, group dynami ...

                                               

Ptolemy (name)

The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus may refer to: Ptolemy I Soter c. 367 BC – 283/2 BC, a Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great who founded and ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemaeus c. 100 AD – c. 170, a Greek poly ...

                                               

History of scholarship

The history of scholarship is the historical study of fields of study which are not covered by the English term "science", but are covered by, for example, the German term "Wissenschaft". Examples are the history of classical studies, the history ...

                                               

History of Transcendental Meditation

The History of Transcendental Meditation and the Transcendental Meditation movement originated with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, founder of the organization, and continues beyond his death. In 1955, the Maharishi began publicly teaching a traditional m ...

                                               

Travelling menagerie

A travelling menagerie was a touring group of showmen and animal handlers who visited towns and cities with common and exotic animals. The term "menagerie", first used in seventeenth century France, was primarily used to refer to aristocratic or ...

                                               

Turanism

Turanism, also known as pan-Turanianism or pan-Turanism, is a nationalist cultural and political movement born in the 19th century to counter the effects of pan-nationalist ideologies pan-Germanism and pan-Slavism. It proclaimed the need for clos ...

                                               

History of modern Western subcultures

The term Generation X or Gen X, popularized by Douglas Couplands novel Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, was used to describe the generation that followed the Baby Boom Generation, or those who came to adulthood in the late 1980s an ...

                                               

Angelic tongues

Angelic tongues are the languages believed by some religious traditions to be used by angels. It usually refers to sung praise in Second Temple period Jewish materials.

                                               

Artificial language

Artificial languages are languages of a typically very limited size which emerge either in computer simulations between artificial agents, robot interactions or controlled psychological experiments with humans. They are different from both constr ...

                                               

Closed-ended question

A closed-ended question refers to any question for which a researcher provides research participants with options from which to choose a response. Closed-ended questions are sometimes phrased as a statement which requires a response. A closed-end ...

                                               

Constructed language

A constructed language is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, instead of having developed naturally, are consciously devised. Constructed languages may also be referred to as artificial languages, planned languages or invented la ...

                                               

Counterword

A counterword is a word such as "so" that is frequently used to answer in a reflex-like manner and that has due to this frequent use quickly taken on a new, much less specific or much looser meaning or is even almost meaningless or performs a com ...

                                               

Dialect

The term dialect is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena: One usage refers to a variety of a language that is a characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. Under this definition, th ...

                                               

Ergative–absolutive language

Ergative–absolutive languages, or ergative languages are languages that share a certain distinctive pattern relating to the subjects of verbs. Examples are Basque, Georgian, Mayan, Tibetan, a few Indo-European languages and, to some degree, the S ...

                                               

Evolutionary psychology of language

Evolutionary psychology of language is the study of the evolutionary history of language as a psychological faculty within the discipline of evolutionary psychology. It makes the assumption that language is the result of a Darwinian adaptation. T ...

                                               

Feminist language reform

Feminist language reform or feminist language planning refers to the effort, often of political and grassroots movements, to change how language is used to gender people, activities and ideas on an individual and societal level. This initiative h ...

                                               

First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue, is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period. In some countries, the term native language or mother tongue refers to the language of one ...

                                               

Fluency

The process of learning a second language or "L2," among older learners differs from younger learners because of their working memory. Working memory, also connected to fluency because it deals with automatic responses, is vital to language acqui ...

                                               

Imprecise language

Often, informal, spoken language, "everyday language" is less precise than any more formal or academic languages. Language might be said to be imprecise because it exhibits one or more of the following features: ambiguity – when a word or phrase ...

                                               

Information and media literacy

Information and media literacy enables people to show and make informed judgments as users of information and media, as well as to become skillful creators and producers of information and media messages in their own right. Prior to the 1990s, th ...

                                               

Kuuk Thaayorre language

Kuuk Thaayorre is a Paman language spoken in the settlement Pormpuraaw on the western part of the Cape York Peninsula, Queensland in Australia by the Thaayorre people. As of 2006, 250 of the 350 ethnic Thaayorre speak the language. It is in a rob ...

                                               

Langmaker

Langmaker was a website run by Jeffrey Henning that acted as a database of conlangs, neographies, and other resources related to conlanging and conworlding. As of June 4, 2009, the site was offline. An unknown source has taken over the website, a ...

                                               

Language complexity

Language complexity is a topic in linguistics which can be divided into several sub-topics such as phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic complexity. The subject also carries importance for language evolution. Although the concept o ...

                                               

Language of mathematics

The language of mathematics is the system used by mathematicians to communicate mathematical ideas among themselves. This language consists of a substrate of some natural language using technical terms and grammatical conventions that are peculia ...

                                               

Language preservation

Language preservation is the effort to prevent languages from becoming unknown. A language is at risk of being lost when it no longer is taught to younger generations, while fluent speakers of the language die. Language is an important part of an ...

                                               

Li Europan lingues

Li Europan lingues is a quotation in Occidental, an international auxiliary language devised by Edgar von Wahl in 1922. It is used in some HTML templates as a fill-in or placeholder text.

                                               

Linguistics

Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It involves analysing language form, language meaning, and language in context. Linguists traditionally analyse human language by observing an interplay between sound and meaning. Linguistics also ...

                                               

Metafunction

The term metafunction originates in systemic functional linguistics and is considered to be a property of all languages. Systemic functional linguistics is functional and semantic rather than formal and syntactic in its orientation. As a function ...

                                               

Multiethnolect

Multiethnolect is a term originally coined by Clyne and Quist. It is used by a number of linguists to define an emerging, distinct variety of language found in young, working-class urban neighbourhoods, across Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Belgiu ...

                                               

Musivisual language

In art, musivisual language is a semiotic system that is the synchronous union of music and image. The term was coined by Spanish composer Alejandro Roman, and for over a century, has appeared in film and other media.