Blog page 311




                                               

Legal history

Legal history or the history of law is the study of how law has evolved and why it changed. Legal history is closely connected to the development of civilisations and is set in the wider context of social history. Among certain jurists and histor ...

                                               

List of fields of doctoral studies in the United States

This is the list of the fields of doctoral studies in the United States used for the annual Survey of Earned Doctorates, conducted by NORC at the University of Chicago for the National Science Foundation and other federal agencies, as used for th ...

                                               

Liturgics

Liturgics is the academic discipline dedicated to the study of liturgy. Liturgics scholars typically specialize in a single approach drawn from another scholarly field. The most common sub-disciplines are: history or church history, theology, and ...

                                               

Māori science

Māori science also called Te Pūtaiao Māori, is an academic discipline at the intersection of Western science and mātauranga Māori. It can be viewed as a decolonization of science. Māori science is practiced by the Māori people; the natives of New ...

                                               

Medical entomology

The discipline of medical entomology, or public health entomology, and also veterinary entomology is focused upon insects and arthropods that impact human health. Veterinary entomology is included in this category, because many animal diseases ca ...

                                               

Philology

Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is the intersection of textual criticism, literary criticism, history, and linguistics. Philology is more commonly defined as the study of literary texts as well as ora ...

                                               

Politics in education

As an academic discipline the study of politics in education has two main roots: The first root is based on theories from political science while the second root is footed in organizational theory. Political science attempts to explain how societ ...

                                               

Postgraduate research

Postgraduate research represents a formal area of study that is recognized by a university or institute of higher learning. By definition, the notion of" postgraduate” carries the implication that the candidate undertaking such research has alrea ...

                                               

Praxeology

Praxeology or praxiology, meaning deed, action, and -λογία, meaning study of) is the study of human action, based on the notion that humans engage in purposeful behavior, as opposed to reflexive behavior like sneezing and unintentional behavior. ...

                                               

Public interest design

Public interest design is a human-centered and participatory design practice that places emphasis on the" triple bottom line” of sustainable design that includes ecological, economic, and social issues and on designing products, structures, and s ...

                                               

Social savings

Social savings is a growth in accounting techniques in order to evaluate the historical implications of new technology on economic growth. Developed in 1950 by American economic historian and scientist Robert Fogel, explains the methodology works ...

                                               

Social work

Social work is an academic discipline and profession that concerns itself with individuals, families, groups, and communities in an effort to enhance social functioning and overall well-being. Social functioning is the way in which people perform ...

                                               

Sustainability studies

Sustainability studies focuses on the interdisciplinary perspective of the sustainability concept. Programs include instruction in sustainable development, geography, environmental policies, ethics, ecology, landscape architecture, city and regio ...

                                               

Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services based upon which the economy and societ ...

                                               

Textual scholarship

Textual scholarship is an umbrella term for disciplines that deal with describing, transcribing, editing or annotating texts and physical documents.

                                               

Utopian studies

Utopian studies is an interdisciplinary field of study that researches utopianism in all its forms, including utopian politics, utopian literature and art, utopian theory, and intentional communities. The term utopia was created by Thomas More in ...

                                               

Visual communication

Visual communication is the conveyance of ideas and information in forms that can be seen. Visual communication in part or whole relies on eyesight. Visual communication is a broad spectrum that includes signs, typography, drawing, graphic design ...

                                               

Business

Business is the activity of making ones living or making money by producing or buying and selling products. Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit. It does not mean it is a company, a corporation, partnership, or ha ...

                                               

Business acumen

Business acumen is keenness and quickness in understanding and dealing with a "business situation" in a manner that is likely to lead to a good outcome. Additionally, business acumen has emerged as a vehicle for improving financial performance an ...

                                               

Business directory

A business directory is a website or printed listing of information which lists businesses within niche based categories. Businesses can be categorized by niche, location, activity, or size. Business may be compiled either manually or through an ...

                                               

Business economics

Business economics is a field in applied economics which uses economic theory and quantitative methods to analyze business enterprises and the factors contributing to the diversity of organizational structures and the relationships of firms with ...

                                               

Business for Peace Foundation

Business for Peace is a non-profit foundation based in Oslo, Norway. Each year, the foundation names up to seven Honourees who receive the Oslo Business for Peace Award, in recognition of their individual and outstanding businessworthy contributi ...

                                               

Business guru

A business guru or management guru is a leading authority on business practices and can be defined as a person with influential ideas or theories about business. The earliest use of the term business guru can be tracked back to the 1960s being us ...

                                               

Business idea

A business idea is a concept that can be used for financial gain that is usually centered on a product or service that can be offered for money. An idea is the base of the pyramid when it comes to the business as a whole. The characteristics of a ...

                                               

Business interaction networks

Business interaction networks are networks that allow businesses and their communities of interest to collaborate and do business online securely via the Internet. Mary Johnston Turner first discussed the concept in a Network World opinion piece ...

                                               

Business sector

In business, the business sector or corporate sector - sometimes popularly called simply business - is "the part of the economy made up by companies". It is a subset of the domestic economy, excluding the economic activities of general government ...

                                               

Closure (business)

Closure is the term used to refer to the actions necessary when it is no longer necessary or possible for a business or other organization to continue to operate. Closure may be the result of a bankruptcy, where the organization lacks sufficient ...

                                               

Core business

The core business of an organization is an idealized construct intended to express that organizations "main" or "essential" activity. The corporate trend in the mid-20th Century, of acquiring new enterprises and forming conglomerates, enabled cor ...

                                               

Fayolism

Fayolism was a theory of management that analyzed and synthesized the role of management in organizations, developed around 1900 by the French management theorist Henri Fayol. It was through Fayols work as a philosopher of administration that he ...

                                               

Giving Candy to Strangers

Growing Your Business Can be as Fun & Easy as. Giving Candy to Strangers, Tips for Creating Abundance through Heart-Centered Sales is a self-help book about running businesses. The book was written by creative director Stan Holden, who has been f ...

                                               

Marketing strategy

Marketing strategy is a long-term, forward-looking approach overarching plan with the fundamental goal of achieving a sustainable competitive advantage. Scholars continue to debate the precise meaning of marketing strategy. Consequently, the lite ...

                                               

OSTO System Model

The OSTO System Model is based on the OSTO System Theory, which comprehends complex systems and organizations as living systems and maps these by means of the OSTO System Model. The model is cybernetic in nature and is deduced from the theory of ...

                                               

Performance effects

Strategy researchers want to understand differences in firm performance. For example, what can explain performance differences between Toyota’s cars business and Samsung’s mobile phones business? Studies show that just three effects account for m ...

                                               

Registered office

A registered office is the official address of an incorporated company, association or any other legal entity. Generally it will form part of the public record and is required in most countries where the registered organization or legal entity is ...

                                               

Religion and business

Religion and business have throughout history interacted in ways that relate to and affected one another, as well as influenced sociocultural evolution, political geographies, and labour laws. As businesses expand globally they seek new markets w ...

                                               

Time management

Time management is the process of planning and exercising conscious control of time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency, and productivity. It involves a juggling act of various demands upon a person rela ...

                                               

Viability study

This type of report studies a situation for example, a problem or opportunity and the plan for doing something about it, then determines whether that plan is "feasible". This would involve determining whether it is technologically possible to ach ...

                                               

Concept

Concepts are defined as abstract ideas or general notions that occur in the mind, in speech, or in thought. They are understood to be the fundamental building blocks of thoughts and beliefs. They play an important role in all aspects of cognition ...

                                               

Abstract and concrete

Abstract and concrete are classifications that denote whether the object that a term describes has physical referents. Abstract objects have no physical referents, whereas concrete objects do. They are most commonly used in philosophy and semanti ...

                                               

Afro-pessimism

Afro-pessimism is a field of thought which takes seriously the historical reality that blackness is politically and ontologically coterminous with slaveness. According to the 2018 Oxford Bibliography entry on Afro-pessimism written by Patrice Dou ...

                                               

Category (Kant)

In Kants philosophy, a category is a pure concept of the understanding. A Kantian category is a characteristic of the appearance of any object in general, before it has been experienced. Kant wrote that "They are concepts of an object in general… ...

                                               

Category of being

In ontology, the different kinds or ways of being are called categories of being ; or simply categories. To investigate the categories of being is to determine the most fundamental and the broadest classes of entities. A distinction between such ...

                                               

Comply or explain

Comply or explain is a regulatory approach used in the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands and other countries in the field of corporate governance and financial supervision. Rather than setting out binding laws, government regulators set ou ...

                                               

Concept map

A concept map or conceptual diagram is a diagram that depicts suggested relationships between concepts. It is a graphical tool that instructional designers, engineers, technical writers, and others use to organize and structure knowledge. A conce ...

                                               

Concept-driven strategy

A concept-driven strategy is a process for formulating strategy that draws on the explanation of how humans inquire provided by linguistic pragmatic philosophy. This argues that thinking starts by selecting a set of concepts gained from our past ...

                                               

Conceptual combination

Conceptual combination is a fundamental cognitive process by which two or more existing basic concepts are mentally synthesized to generate a composite, higher-order concept. The products of this process are sometimes referred to as complex conce ...

                                               

Conceptual necessity

Conceptual necessity is a property of the certainty with which a state of affairs, as presented by a certain description, occurs: it occurs by conceptual necessity if and only if it occurs just by virtue of the meaning of the description. If some ...

                                               

Conceptual schema

A conceptual schema is a high-level description of a businesss informational needs. It typically includes only the main concepts and the main relationships among them. Typically this is a first-cut model, with insufficient detail to build an actu ...

                                               

Construction of Concept Map

Concept is usually perceived as a regularity in events or objects, or in their records. While constructing a concept map, it is essential to keep in mind that the concept be built with reference to a focus question. Hence, initially, the focus qu ...

                                               

Definitionism

Definitionism is the school of thought in which it is believed that a proper explanation of a theory consists of all the concepts used by that theory being well-defined. This approach has been criticized for its dismissal of the importance of ost ...