Blog page 141




                                               

Instamatic

For the film formats associated with the Instamatic and Pocket Instamatic camera ranges, see 126 film and 110 film respectively. The Instamatic is a series of inexpensive, easy-to-load 126 and 110 cameras made by Kodak beginning in 1963. The Inst ...

                                               

Nikkorex

The Nikon Nikkorex series were low-cost, fixed-lens, 35 mm film, single-lens reflex cameras produced by the Japanese optical manufacturer Nippon Kogaku K.K. They were designed and marketed as low-cost, feature-reduced versions of Nikons flagship ...

                                               

Canonet

The Canonets were a series of rangefinder cameras made by Canon from the early 1960s to the early 1980s. They were aimed at enthusiasts on a budget and more discerning point-and-shoot photographers.

                                               

Normal lens

In photography and cinematography, a normal lens is a lens that reproduces a field of view that appears "natural" to a human observer. In contrast, depth compression and expansion with shorter or longer focal lengths introduces noticeable, and so ...

                                               

Shutter priority

Shutter priority, also called time value, refers to a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific shutter speed while the camera adjusts the aperture to ensure correct exposure. This is different from manual mode, where the ...

                                               

Refraction

In physics, refraction is the change in direction of a wave passing from one medium to another or from a gradual change in the medium. Refraction of light is the most commonly observed phenomenon, but other waves such as sound waves and water wav ...

                                               

Dirkon

The Dirkon is a paper camera kit that was first published in 1979 in the Communist Czechoslovakian magazine ABC mladych techniku a peirodovedcu. The pattern was created by Martin Pilny, Mirek Kolar, and Richard Vyskovsky. The name Dirkon is a pla ...

                                               

Exa-

Exa is a decimal unit prefix in the metric system denoting 10 18 or 1 000 000. It was added as an SI prefix to the International System of Units in 1975, and has the unit symbol E. Exa comes from the ancient Greek ἕξ hex, used as a prefix ἑξά- he ...

                                               

Fujica

The company was founded on January 20, 1934 as Fuji Shashin Film K.K., producing several sorts of film. It was an offshoot of Dai-Nippon Celluloid K.K. 大日本セルロイド㈱, founded in 1919. The companys first CEO was Asano Shūichi 浅野修一. The pl ...

                                               

Konica

Konica was a Japanese manufacturer of, among other products, film, film cameras, camera accessories, photographic and photo-processing equipment, photocopiers, fax machines and laser printers. The company merged with Japanese peer Minolta in 2003 ...

                                               

Nikon

Nikon Corporation, also known just as Nikon, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products. Nikons products include cameras, camera lenses, binoculars, microscopes, ophthalmic l ...

                                               

Nikon 1 AW1

The Nikon 1 AW1 is a Nikon 1 series high-speed mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera by Nikon. It is a waterproof, rugged, high-speed MILC camera with 15 metres water pressure resistance, shockproof from 2 metres, and freezeproof to −10 °C. It w ...

                                               

Nikon D1

The Nikon D1 is a digital single-lens reflex camera made by Nikon Corporation introduced on June 15, 1999. It featured a 2.7-megapixel image sensor, 4.5-frames-per-second continuous shooting, and accepted the full range of Nikon F-mount lenses. T ...

                                               

Nikon DX format

The Nikon DX format is an alternative name used by Nikon corporation for APS-C image sensor format being approximately 24x16 mm. Its dimensions are about ​ 2 ⁄ 3 those of the 35mm format. The format was created by Nikon for its digital SLR camera ...

                                               

Nikon F3

The Nikon F3 was Nikons third professional single-lens reflex camera body, preceded by the F and F2. Introduced in 1980, it had manual and semi-automatic exposure control whereby the camera would select the correct shutter speed. The Nikon F3 ser ...

                                               

Nikon F4

The Nikon F4 is a 35 mm autofocus single lens reflex film camera, introduced in 1988 as the next generation in Nikons line of F series professional cameras. With industrial design by Giorgetto Giugiaro, the F4 was the first professional Nikon to ...

                                               

Nikon F5

The Nikon F5 is a 35 mm film-based single-lens reflex camera body manufactured by Nikon from 1996 through 2004. It was the fifth in Nikons professional film camera line, which began in 1959 with the Nikon F. It followed the Nikon F4 of 1988, whic ...

                                               

Nikon F6

The Nikon F6 is a 35 mm film single-lens reflex camera body that became commercially available during 2004, and is the sixth top-of-the-line professional film camera in Nikons line since the introduction of the Nikon F in 1959. The Nikon F6 is de ...

                                               

Nikon I, M and S

The Nikon was the first camera introduced by the optical manufacturer Nippon Kogaku KK. It is a 35mm rangefinder camera, in retrospect known as the Nikon I. The original design was approved by September 1946, and the camera was released in March ...

                                               

Nikon 1-mount

The Nikon 1-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for its Nikon CX format mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras. The 1-mount was first introduced on the Nikon 1 series in 2011, and features a bayonet mount.

                                               

Nikon F-mount

The Nikon F-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for its 35mm format single-lens reflex cameras. The F-mount was first introduced on the Nikon F camera in 1959, and features a three-lug bayonet mount with a 44 mm throa ...

                                               

Nikon Z-mount

Nikon Z-mount is an interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon for its full-frame mirrorless digital cameras. In late 2018, Nikon released two cameras that use this mount, the Nikon Z 7 and the Nikon Z 6. In late 2019, Nikon announced their fi ...

                                               

Canon EOS flash system

Canons EOS flash system refers to the photographic flash mechanism used on Canons film or digital EOS single-lens reflex cameras. The line was first introduced in 1987. It has gone through a number of revisions over the years, as new flash exposu ...

                                               

Fujica X-mount

The Fujica X-mount was a lens mount created by Fujifilm in the late 1970s for the new Fujica SLR lineup: AX-1, AX-3, AX-5, STX-1, STX-1N, STX-2. It replaced the M42 screw mount used on their earlier SLRs. The mount is a bayonet type, with a 65° c ...

                                               

Kodak DCS 100

The Kodak Professional Digital Camera System or DCS, later unofficially named DCS 100, was the first commercially available digital single-lens reflex camera. It was a customized camera back bearing the digital image sensor, mounted on a Nikon F3 ...

                                               

Minolta Maxxum 7000

The Minolta MAXXUM 7000 35 mm SLR camera was introduced in February 1985. It was the first camera to feature both integrated autofocus and motorised film advance, the standard configuration for later amateur and professional single lens reflex ca ...

                                               

Minolta SR-mount

The Minolta SR-mount was the bayonet mounting system used in all 35 mm SLR cameras made by Minolta with interchangeable manual focusing lenses. Several iterations of the mounting were produced over the decades, and as a result, the mount itself w ...

                                               

Nikkormat

Nikkormat was a brand of cameras produced by the Japanese optics company Nippon Kogaku K. K., as a consumer version of the professional Nikon brand. Nikkormat cameras, produced from 1965 until 1978, were simpler and more affordable than Nikon-bra ...

                                               

Olympus Corporation

Olympus Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products. Olympus was established on 12 October 1919, initially specializing in microscopes and thermometers. Olympus holds roughly a 70-percent share of the global endoscop ...

                                               

Olympus Pen F

The Olympus Pen F, Pen FT and Pen FV were very similar half-frame 35 mm single-lens reflex cameras with interchangeable lenses produced by Olympus of Japan between 1963-1966, 1966-1972 and 1967-1970. The original Pen F had a double-stroke film ad ...

                                               

Pentax K-5 II

The Pentax K-5 II is a 16.3-megapixel digital single-lens reflex camera, successor to the Pentax K-5, sharing its body shape with its two predecessors including the Pentax K-7, and making incremental improvements on the K-5. The Pentax K-5 II is ...

                                               

Pentax K2000

The Pentax K-m is a 10.2 megapixel digital single-lens reflex camera, announced on September 22, 2008 at the 2008 photokina trade show along with the DA-L series of lightweight, inexpensive lenses. It was discontinued in November 2009, being repl ...

                                               

Pentax Super-A

The Pentax Super-A, also sold in some markets as the Pentax Super Program was a 35 mm single-lens reflex camera produced by Pentax of Japan in the 1980s. It is not the same camera as the slightly lower-specified "Pentax Program A" which also had ...

                                               

Praktiflex

Kamera-Werkstatten Guthe & Thorsch was established 1919 in Dresden by Paul Guthe and Benno Thorsch, starting out manufacturing the Patent Etui plate camera. Ten years later came the roll film TLR Pilot Reflex and in 1936, the 6×6 SLR Pilot range. ...

                                               

Rolleicord

The Rolleicord was a popular medium-format twin lens reflex camera made by Franke & Heidecke between 1933 and 1976. It was a simpler, less expensive version of the high-end Rolleiflex TLR, aimed at amateur photographers who wanted a high-quality ...

                                               

Rolleiflex

Rolleiflex is the name of a long-running and diverse line of high-end cameras originally made by the German company Franke & Heidecke, and later Rollei-Werk.

                                               

Samsung NX100

The Samsung NX100 is a 14.0 effective megapixel APS-C crop CMOS mirrorless interchangeable lens digital camera made by Samsung. It was announced on September 14, 2010.

                                               

Sony SLT camera

Single-lens translucent is a Sony proprietary designation for Sony Alpha cameras which employ a pellicle mirror, electronic viewfinder, and phase-detection autofocus system. They employ the same Minolta A-mount as Sony Alpha DSLR cameras. Sony SL ...

                                               

Sony Cyber-shot DSC-R1

The Sony Cyber-shot DSC-R1 is a bridge digital camera announced by Sony in 2005. It featured a 10.3 megapixel APS-C CMOS sensor, a size typically used in DSLRs and rarely used in bridge cameras or 1/1.8"). This was the first time such a large sen ...

                                               

Camera lens

A camera lens is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically. There is ...

                                               

Mir (lens)

Mir is a Soviet wide-angle prime lens series with focal lengths varying from 12 to 65 mm with 5-7 elements. The first variant was the Mir-1 and won the Grand Prix at Expo 58 in Brussels. Its construction was derived from the Flektogon lens by Car ...

                                               

Fisheye lens

A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image. Fisheye lenses achieve extremely wide angles of view. Instead of producing images with straight lines of ...

                                               

Tair (lens)

The Tair 11 series have a focal length of 135mm with a maximum aperture of f/2.8. Variants include the Tair 11A for the M42 lens mount and the original Tair 11 for the M39 lens mount. The Tair 11-T is a "Technical" or "Television" for cinecamera ...

                                               

Zoom lens

A zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length lens. A true zoom lens, also called a parfocal lens, is one that maintains focus when its focal length changes. Mos ...

                                               

Pentax K-mount

The Pentax K-mount, sometimes referred to as the "PK-mount", is a bayonet lens mount standard for mounting interchangeable photographic lenses to 35 mm single-lens reflex cameras. It was created by Pentax in 1975, and has since been used by all P ...

                                               

Leica R bayonet

The Leica R bayonet mount is a camera lens mount system introduced by Leitz in 1964. The R mount is the standard method of connecting a lens to the Leica R series of 35 mm single-lens reflex cameras. The mount is descended from those used for the ...

                                               

Fujifilm X-mount

The Fujifilm X-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount designed by Fujifilm for use in those cameras in their X-series line that have interchangeable-lenses. These lenses are designed for 23.6mm x 15.6mm APS-C sensors. Various lens manufact ...

                                               

Lens hood

In photography, a lens hood or lens shade is a device used on the front end of a lens to block the Sun or other light source to prevent glare and lens flare. Lens hoods may also be used to protect the lens from scratches and the elements without ...

                                               

Helios-44

Helios-44 is a Soviet copy of the Carl Zeiss Biotar 58mm ƒ/2 lens produced under the Helios lens brand. The Lens is currently made in Russia for the M42 lens mount.

                                               

Zeiss Planar

The Zeiss Planar is a photographic lens designed by Paul Rudolph at Carl Zeiss in 1896. Rudolphs original was a six-element symmetrical design. While very sharp, early versions of the lens suffered from flare due to its many air-to-glass surfaces ...